HDF – what is it?
Many people know what MDF is, but not everyone knows that it is only one type of wood-fibre board, the other type of such board is called HDF. Not everyone is familiar with this name, what it means, and what properties this type of building material has, how it differs from MDF and where it is used. If you are interested in the question “What is HDF?”, then this article is for you.
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The concept of HDF and its decoding
HDF is not an abbreviation, it is a spelling of the English abbreviation HDF (High Density Fiberboard), which literally translates to high-density fibreboard.
The difference between HDF and MDF
Both of these materials have more similarities than differences; they are almost identical in their properties. The main difference between the latter is its higher density, which ranges from eight hundred to a thousand kilograms per cubic metre, while the figure for MDF is below 800.
Due to its high density, the strength of HDF is also higher, so a thinner HDF board is as reliable as a thicker MDF board. The difference in thickness is almost twofold, with high-density boards being three or four millimetres thick, while MDF is six millimetres thick or more.
Production of chipboard
Chipboard is made from wood waste from the wood processing industry or from sanitary felling, i.e. trees that are forced to be cut down to maintain healthy plantations. The raw material is dried and chopped. Then, using high pressure and temperature, the wood fibres are pressed into a predetermined shape and thickness.
HDF has a lower price than natural wood, often by more than half. At the same time, these boards can act as an analogue of wood in terms of their performance. Chipboard is a relatively new material that is intended to replace fibreboard due to its improved physical, chemical and environmental characteristics.
Application and properties of HDF
In general, HDF is used in the same places as MDF.
Due to its high density and strength, HDF is used as a floor panel and as a subfloor. Due to the fact that these boards are well resistant to mechanical stress, they are suitable for laminate or natural veneer substrates.
High-density fibreboard is widely used in the furniture industry. Due to its low cost, particleboard is often used to make parts and components of structures that are hidden behind the facade of the case. For example, it can be the back wall of furniture, wardrobe doors, drawer bases, and so on.
Minimal thickness deviations make HDF an ideal material for levelling walls and floors. In non-residential premises, suspended ceilings are used to make suspended ceilings, which allow you to hide communications, ventilation and everything that needs to be hidden from view for a more aesthetic appearance of the room.
In the carriage and automotive industries, HDF is used as a material for the interior of wagons, buses, trams, etc. In industrial production, these wood-based panels are used to make packaging or reusable containers for non-food products.
Chipboard is widely used in various fields due to its useful properties:
There are two types of chipboard: polished and decorated:
Now you know what this miracle material is: it costs several times less than natural wood, but its qualities are no worse and sometimes even better than it. It is easy and convenient to install, it allows you to give free rein to your imagination and create something new and unusual in your interior. If you have limited finances, you can safely replace natural wood with a panel of HDF.
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